[key]. 1 City (2020 pop. 114,746), San Diego co., S Calif.,
on the Pacific coast; settled in the 1880s, inc. 1952. Carlsbad is a booming
San Diego suburb; its population more than tripled from 1970 to 1990. It has
electronic and aircraft industries, machine shops, and a silica quarry.
Major agricultural products are tomatoes and flowers. Flower fields in
bloom, golf courses, mineral springs, freshwater and tidewater lagoons,
theme parks, and water-sports facilities draw visitors. 2 City
(2020 pop. 32,238), seat of Eddy co., SE N.Mex., on the Pecos River, in a
grazing and irrigated farming area; settled 1888, inc. 1918. Potash mining
and tourism are important, and retirement homes are multiplying. The
Carlsbad reclamation project, begun in 1906, irrigates more than 20,000
acres (8,000 hectares) and provides water recreation. A branch of New Mexico State Univ. is in
Carlsbad. Nearby are Carlsbad Caverns National Park and
the Living Desert State Park. Outside Carlsbad is the controversial Waste
Isolation Pilot Plant, cut deep into rock salt formations as a storage
facility for high-level nuclear wastes.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. Political Geography