San Andrés and Providencia
The islands and reefs have also been claimed by Nicaragua, and have been a source of tension between Colombia and Nicaragua. In 2007 the International Court of Justice ruled that the status of the two islands was determined by a 1928 treaty between the two nations that awarded them to Colombia. The ICJ confirmed Colombia's ownership of the reefs and cays in 2012 but limited the associated maritime boundaries. Colombia's constitutional court, however, ruled that a treaty would be required between Colombia and Nicaragua for Colombia to recognize the 2012 decision.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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