Ecuador is governed under the constitution of 2008. The executive branch is headed by the president, who is elected for a four-year term; the president may serve two consecutive terms. Under a constitution amendment adopted in 2015, term limits were end in 2021, but a 2018 referendum restored term limits. The president is both the head of state and head of government.The legislature consists of the unicameral National Congress, whose 137 members are elected for four-year terms. Administratively, the country is divided into 22 provinces.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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