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Vardø

Vardø vär´dö [key], town (1995 pop. 3,016), Finnmark co., extreme NE Norway, on the island of Vardøya in the Arctic Ocean, near the entrance to the Varangerfjord. It is an ice-free port and has fish-processing plants. A joint U.S.-Norway radar tracking station is there. The northernmost fortress in the world was built at Vardø in 1307 and was rebuilt in the early 18th cent. Chartered in 1789, the town was long the center of a lively trade with Russia and Finland. Fridtjof Nansen used Vardø as the base for his important arctic expedition of 1893–96.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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