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Helsingør

Helsingør hĕl˝sĭng-ör´ [key] or Elsinore ĕl´sĭnôr˝ [key], city (1992 pop. 43,302), Frederiksborg co., E Denmark, on the Øresund opposite Helsingborg, Sweden. It is an industrial center, fishing port, and summer resort. Manufactures include ships, rubber, machinery, beer, and textiles. Known since the 13th cent., Helsingør experienced its greatest prosperity from the 15th cent. to 1857, when it served as the port where the Danish kings collected tolls from ships passing through the Øresund. It is the site of Kronborg castle (1754–85 completely restored 1925–37), which, although the strongest fortress in Denmark at the time, was taken by the Swedes in 1660. The castle, a World Heritage Site, is used for performances of Shakespeare's Hamlet, which is set there. Also of note in Helsingør is the Church of St. Mary (15th cent.) and the M/S Maritime Museum of Denmark (2013).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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