Linz lĭnts [key], city (1991 pop. 203,044), capital of Upper Austria, NW Austria, a major port on the Danube River. It is a commercial and industrial center and a rail junction. Manufactures include iron and steel, machinery, electrical equipment, glass, furniture, beverages, shoes, rubber, tobacco products, and textiles. Originally a Roman settlement called Lentia, Linz was made a provincial capital of the Holy Roman Empire in the late 15th cent. The city has numerous historic structures, including the Romanesque Church of St. Martin (8th cent.) the baroque old cathedral (17th cent.), where the composer Anton Bruckner was organist (1856–68) the city hall (17th cent.) the baroque bishop's palace (1721–26) and the new neo-Gothic cathedral (19th–20th cent.). The Provincial Museum in Linz contains paintings, folk art, and Roman artifacts.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Austria Political Geography

Browse by Subject