Burgenland bo͝or´gənlänt [key], province (1991 pop. 270,880), 1,530 sq mi (3,963 sq km), E Austria. The capital is Eisenstadt . It is a narrow, hilly region bordering Slovakia in the northeast and Hungary in the east, and it is indented by Neusiedler Lake. It is primarily agricultural, but industry and tourism are being developed. A borderland battleground for nearly 1,000 years, Burgenland has many castles, fortified churches, and walled villages. It is the newest of the Austrian provinces its territory was transferred from Hungary by the treaties of Saint-Germain (1919) and Trianon (1920). Sopron , the region's leading town, was returned (1921) to Hungary after a plebiscite.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Austria Political Geography

Browse by Subject