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Saint-Quentin

Saint-Quentin săN-käNtăN´ [key], city (1990 pop. 62,085), Aisne dept., N France, on the Somme River. Foundry products, machinery, textiles, and food products are manufactured. Saint-Quentin was famous for its cloth during the Middle Ages. Of Roman origin, the city was chartered in 1080 and was the capital of the medieval county of Vermandois . It became part of the royal domain in 1191 and was ceded briefly to Burgundy (1435–77). The city has a long history of sieges and captures, most notably by the Spanish (1557) during the Wars of Religion . The Musée Lécuyer contains pastels by Maurice Quentin de La Tour, who was born in Saint-Quentin. In the city is the Collégiale Saint-Quentin (dating from the 13th to the 15th cent.), a large Gothic church.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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