Chatham, town, Kent, SE England, on the Medway River. Chatham, Rochester , and Gillingham form a contiguous urban area that is now the unitary borough of Medway. Chatham was a major naval station, with well-equipped dockyards, dry docks, and shipbuilding and repairing equipment these were ultimately closed by 1984. Some facilities have been preserved for historical and tourist interest others have been redeveloped for residential or business use. The first dockyard was established by Elizabeth I in 1588. The Roman Watling Street ran through Chatham.

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