Ufa o?of [key], city (1989 pop. 1,082,000), capital of Bashkortostan, E European Russia, at the confluence of the Belaya and Ufa rivers. An industrial center in the Urals, Ufa produces electrical and mining equipment and has oil refineries and a major petrochemical industry. It is the junction of many gas, petroleum, and rail lines. Russians established Ufa in 1574 and built a fortress and settlement.
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