See P. Mansel, Constantinople: City of the World's Desire, 1453–1924 (1996); J. Freely, Istanbul: The Imperial City (1998); C. King, Midnight at the Pera Palace: The Birth of Modern Istanbul (2014); R. Fidler, Ghost Empire: A Journey to the Legendary Constantinople (2017); B. Hughes, Istanbul: A Tale of Three Cities (2017).

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