Cite
 

Izmit

Izmit ĭzmēt´ [key] or Kocaeli kō˝jäĕl´ē [key], city (1990 pop. 254,768), capital of Kocaeli prov., NW Turkey, on the Bay of Izmit, at the eastern end of the Sea of Marmara. A port, it is the center of a rich tobacco- and olive-growing region. Manufactures include paper, petrochemicals, textiles, beer, and cement. Founded c.712 BC, it was rebuilt in 264 BC by Nicomedus I of Bithynia, who made it his capital, Nicomedia . It was shattered by an earthquake in 1999.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Turkey Political Geography

Browse by Subject