Malolos mälō´lōs [key], city (1990 pop. 125,178), capital of Bulacan prov., SW Luzon, the Philippines, N of Manila. It is an old marketing center for surrounding farms. The Spanish settled there in 1580. Malolos was the capital of the Philippine republic proclaimed (June, 1898) by the insurrectionary leader Emilio Aguinaldo U.S. forces captured the town in Mar., 1899. It is the seat of the Bulacan College of Arts and Trades.

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