Aomori äōmô´rē [key], city (1990 pop. 287,808), capital of Aomori prefecture, extreme N Honshu, Japan, on Aomori Bay. First opened to foreign trade in 1906, Aomori is now the chief transportation center of N Honshu, with important rail lines and ferry services. It is also the site of the world's longest tunnel, the Seikan Tunnel, which stretches 33.4 mi (53.7 km) and connects Honshu and Hokkaido. Fish and lumber are among its exports, many of which are shipped to Hokkaido. A modern city, it was rebuilt after a disastrous fire in 1910 and again after severe air raids in 1945.
Aomori prefecture (1990 pop. 1,482,935), 3,719 sq mi (9,632 sq km), has rich timber lands and famous apple orchards, in addition to producing rice, fish, beef, and dairy products. Aomori, Hachinohe, and Hirosaki are the major cities. The 2011 earthquake and tsunami led to severe damage in E coastal Aomori.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Japanese Political Geography
Browse by Subject
- Earth and the Environment +-
- History +-
- Literature and the Arts +-
- Medicine +-
- People +-
- Philosophy and Religion +-
- Places +-
- Australia and Oceania
- Britain, Ireland, France, and the Low Countries
- Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic Nations
- Germany, Scandinavia, and Central Europe
- Latin America and the Caribbean
- Oceans, Continents, and Polar Regions
- Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, and the Balkans
- United States, Canada, and Greenland
- Plants and Animals +-
- Science and Technology +-
- Social Sciences and the Law +-
- Sports and Everyday Life +-