Among the prehistoric inhabitants of the island were small-proportioned hominins who the discovering archaeologists classified as Homo floresiensis in 2004. Although originally believed to have lived on Flores as recently as 17,000 years ago, the remains and artifacts were later dated to 50,000 years ago and earlier. A subsequent discovery of a similarly sized hominin was dated to 700,000 years ago. Much later under the rule of the princes of Sulawesi, Flores came under Dutch influence c.1618. The Dutch gradually gained control of the island, although Portugal held the eastern end until 1851 and the natives were not completely subjugated until 1907.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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