Bhubaneswar bo͞obänĕ´swär [key], city (1991 pop. 411,542), capital of Odisha (Orissa) state, E central India, on a distributary of the Mahanadi River. A small town before it became the capital in 1948, it is a modern administrative center and the seat of Utkal Univ. and Orissa Univ. of Agriculture and Technology. There are rolling mills and wire-cable works the city has an airport. Settlements date back to the reign of Asoka (3d cent. BC). Bhubaneswar, a religious center, once had c.7,000 shrines around its sacred lake the remains of c.500 still stand, displaying many styles of Hindu and Buddhist art and architecture. Lingaraja temple is the most famous. The city was devastated by a cyclone in Oct., 1999.

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