Conquered for Egypt in 1821, Kurdufan was under Turko-Egyptian rule until 1882, when the Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad fomented revolt. With the defeat of Mahdist forces in 1898, Kurdufan became part of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (later the Republic of Sudan). In the late 20th and early 21st cent. rebels in the Nuba Mts. in Southern Kurdufan were part of the S Sudanese uprising against the central government, and since the independence of South Sudan, there has been continued fighting in Southern Kurdufan between Sudanese government forces and rebels.
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