Somalia is governed under a provisional constitution approved in 2012. The Federal Parliament consists of a 275-seat House of the People, whose members are chosen for four-year terms by an electoral college named by clan elders because the civil war has made direct election too difficult, and a 54-seat Upper House (to be chosen for the first time in 2016), elected by state governments to four-year terms. The parliament elects the president, who serves for a single four-year term. Administratively, the country's 18 regions are grouped into six states.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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