Comoros, the: Government

The Comoros is governed under the constitution of 2001 as amended. The presidency rotates among the three main islands. The president, who is head of state and serves a five-year term, is popularly elected nationally in a second round of voting from among the top three vote-getters from the main island whose turn it is to hold the first round. (Each main island also elects a local president.) The government is headed by the prime minister, who is appointed by the president. The unicameral legislature consists of the 33-seat Assembly of the Union. Nine members are selected by the individual islands' local assemblies, and 24 are popularly elected. All serve five-year terms. Administratively, the country is divided into the three main islands and four municipalities.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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