Zaleucus zəlo͞o´kəs [key], fl. c.650 BC, Greek lawgiver of Locris, in Italy. According to tradition, his was the earliest codification of Greek law. References to Zaleucus' code, which was widely adopted in Italy, indicate that it embodied the lex talionis [law of retaliation, i.e., an eye for an eye] and other severe features exemplified in the later Greek code of Draco.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Law: Biographies