Benz, Karl

Benz, Karl bĕnts [key], 1844–1929, German engineer, credited with building the first automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine. The car, driven in Mannheim in 1885 and patented in 1886, had three wheels, an electric ignition, and differential gears and was water-cooled. As a result of a merger in 1926, Benz's company became Daimler-Benz AG (now Daimler AG), the manufacturer of the Mercedes-Benz automobile.

See St. J. C. Nixon, The Invention of the Automobile (Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler) (1936) E. Diesel, From Engine to Autos (tr. 1960).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.