1512?–1600, Scottish minister of the Reformation. He joined the Dominican order, but through reading the Institutes
of Calvin, he adopted Protestantism. Imprisoned at Rome for heresy, he escaped (1559) and went to Vienna, where he preached before Archduke Maximilian. Returning to Scotland in 1560, he shortly became the colleague of John Knox in Edinburgh. Chaplain to James VI after 1579, he was the author of the King's Confession
(1581), upon which was based the National Covenant of 1638.
See Craig's Short Summe of the Whole Catechisme (1581, ed. by T. G. Law, 1883).
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