Innocent XII, 1615–1700, pope (1691–1700), a Neapolitan named Antonio Pignatelli; successor of Alexander VIII. He was frequently employed by his predecessors as a nuncio, and Innocent XI created him cardinal. His election ended a five-month deadlock in the conclave. He showed himself a stern reformer, especially concerning nepotism, which he abolished. He brought Louis XIV over to his point of view on Gallicanism , and he condemned certain of Fénelon 's doctrines as quietistic (see quietism ). He was highly regarded for his charity and piety. Clement XI succeeded him.
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