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Hergenrther, Joseph Adam Gustav

Hergenrther, Joseph Adam Gustav y?z?f dm go?ostf h?rg?nrt?r [key], 1824?90, German theologian and scholar, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was a professor at Munich and Wrzburg. In 1879, Leo XIII made him cardinal and first prefect of the newly opened Vatican archives. Hergenrther wrote polemical works and church history. A zealous advocate of ultramontanism, he refuted Dllinger with Anti-Janus (1870, tr. 1870). His historical works include The Catholic Church and the Christian State (1876, tr. 1876) and Manual of Universal Church History (3 vol., 1876?80). His monumental work on Photius, written to dispel charges of papal responsibility for the Eastern schism, is fundamental, but considered by later scholars to be unfair to Photius.

See American Catholic Historical Association, Church Historians (1926).

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