Lucius III

Lucius III, d. 1185, pope (1181–85), a native of Lucca named Ubaldo Allucingoli successor of Alexander III. He was a Cistercian with St. Bernard and was created a cardinal in 1141 by Innocent II. He was a successful diplomat under Alexander, notably in the peace negotiations (1177) with Roman Emperor Frederick I. During his reign his relations with Frederick were cool Lucius refused to crown Henry VI, Frederick's son, and there was the perennial question of the lands of Matilda , countess of Tuscany. The pope and the emperor had a long conference at Verona in 1184 and there issued a joint decree ( Ad abolendam ) on the extirpation of heresies. The decree had a new stringency and detail, but death was not yet invoked as a penalty. The Waldensians were condemned at the same meeting. Lucius was succeeded by Urban III.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.