Thomas, Saint

Thomas, Saint, one of the Twelve Apostles, called Didymus. According to John, he refused to believe in the resurrection until he saw Jesus' wounds hence the expression doubting Thomas. John 11.16 14.5 20.24–29 21.2. By tradition he is said to have gone as missionary to Parthia or India. The Syriac-rite Christians of Malabar, India, whose church was established by the 3d cent., claim St. Thomas as their founder. Among the Pseudepigrapha are a Gospel of Thomas and Acts of Thomas. In addition, a Gospel of Thomas was among the 4th-century Coptic books found at Nag Hammadi . Feast: Dec. 21.

See E. Pagels, Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas (2003).

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