Sangallo säng-gäl´lō [key], three Italian Renaissance architects, two brothers and their nephew.
Giuliano da Sangallo, 1445–1516, designed the Church of Santa Maria delle Carceri at Prato and palaces in Florence. After Bramante's death Giuliano worked on St. Peter's in Rome with Raphael and Fra Giocondo. He was a late follower of Brunelleschi, interested in clarity and elegance of form. His brother, Antonio da Sangallo, the elder, 1455–1534, moved from reminiscences of Giuliano's manner to a High Renaissance massiveness, seen in the domed Church of the Madonna di San Biagio at Montepulciano. Antonio da Sangallo, the younger, 1485–1546, their nephew, whose real name was Antonio Cordiani, was the most noted of the three. He collaborated with Bramante in the latter's final years. For Cardinal Alessandro Farnese (later Pope Paul III) he designed the Farnese Palace, the architectural epitome of Roman Renaissance palaces. After Raphael's death Antonio was appointed (1520) to succeed him in the construction of St. Peter's, although his complex plan for its completion was not accepted. At the Vatican he designed the Sala Regia and the Pauline Chapel. He developed a severe, logical, and weighty style.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Architecture: Biographies
Browse by Subject
- Earth and the Environment +-
- History +-
- Literature and the Arts +-
- Medicine +-
- People +-
- Philosophy and Religion +-
- Places +-
- Australia and Oceania
- Britain, Ireland, France, and the Low Countries
- Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic Nations
- Germany, Scandinavia, and Central Europe
- Latin America and the Caribbean
- Oceans, Continents, and Polar Regions
- Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, and the Balkans
- United States, Canada, and Greenland
- Plants and Animals +-
- Science and Technology +-
- Social Sciences and the Law +-
- Sports and Everyday Life +-