Bouquet, Henry bo͞okā´ [key]
, 1719–65, British army officer in the French and Indian Wars
. A French Swiss, he came to America in 1756 and distinguished himself as second in command to Gen. John Forbes
in the successful expedition (1758) against Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh). In Pontiac's Rebellion
he decisively defeated the Native Americans in a hotly contested battle at Bushy Run (Aug., 1763) near Pittsburgh. In 1764, Bouquet, on an expedition into the Ohio country, forced the Shawnee and other indigenous people to lay down their arms. He was brigadier general commanding the Southern Dist. at his death.
See his papers, ed. by S. K. Stevens et al. (4 vol., 1951–78); M. C. Darlington, History of Colonel Henry Bouquet and the Western Frontiers of Pennsylvania (1920, repr. 1971).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies