Zardari, Asif Ali
After Bhutto was dismissed from office in 1990, Zardari was held (1990?93) on several corruption charges but was eventually acquitted. In 1996, when Bhutto's government was again dismissed, Zardari was accused of having taken kickbacks (he had acquired the nickname
Mr. Ten Percent) and of having ordered the murder of Bhutto's brother, a political opponent. He was again imprisoned, briefly in 1996 and from 1997 to 2004. Bhutto and Zardari also were convicted (1999) of corruption and embezzlement, but a new trial was ordered in 2001 by Pakistan's supreme court. A Swiss court convicted the couple of money laundering in 2003, but in 2008 Zardari was acquitted on appeal. Both Bhutto and Zardari denied the various charges, denouncing them as politically motivated.
When Bhutto was assassinated in Dec., 2007, Zardari and their 19-year-old son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, were named co-leaders of the PPP, but real power resided with the father. In early 2008, President Pervez Musharraf declared an amnesty for crimes committed by politicians, and Zardari was acquitted of charges of corruption and other political crimes allegedly committed from 1988 to 1999. Later that year he also was acquitted of his brother-in-law's murder. Following Musharraf's resignation as president, Zardari was elected to succeed him in Sept., 2008; the presidency became a largely ceremonial post in 2010. Musharraf's amnesty was declared unconstitutional in 2009, but in 2017 Zardari was acquitted of the remaining pending corruption charges against him. In 2018 Zadari was again elected to the national assembly. He was arrested in a money-laundering investigation in 2019, but released on bail at the end of the year.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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