Álvarez, Juan hwän äl´värās [key], 1780–1867, Mexican general of indigenous descent, president of Mexico (1855). He distinguished himself in battle under Morelos y Pavón and was later the first governor of Guerrero. In 1854 he led the liberal Revolution of Ayutla, which overthrew (1855) General Santa Anna . After two months he yielded the presidency to Ignacio Comonfort . Álvarez later fought against Maximilian and the French invaders.
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