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Medici: Family Members

The genealogy of the family is complicated by numerous illegitimate offspring and by the tendency of some of the members to dispose of each other by assassination. The first important member was Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici (1360–1429). His elder son, Cosimo de' Medici , founded the senior line, which included Piero de' Medici (1416–69); Lorenzo de' Medici (Lorenzo il Magnifico); Piero de' Medici (1471–1503); Pope Leo X; Giuliano de' Medici , duke of Nemours; Lorenzo de' Medici , duke of Urbino; Catherine de' Medici, queen of France; Ippolito de' Medici ; Alessandro de' Medici ; and Pope Clement VII. Giovanni di Bicci's younger son, Lorenzo de' Medici (d.1440), founded the younger line, which included Lorenzino de' Medici ; Giovanni de' Medici (delle Bande Nere); and the grand dukes of Tuscany—Cosimo I de' Medici , Francesco de' Medici (whose daughter was Marie de' Medici), Ferdinand I de' Medici , Cosimo II de' Medici , Ferdinand II de' Medici , Cosimo III de' Medici , and Gian Gastone de' Medici , last of the line.

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