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Medici, Lorenzo de'

Medici, Lorenzo de', 1492–1519, duke of Urbino (1516–19) son of Piero de' Medici. His uncle, Pope Leo X , made the youthful Lorenzo duke of Urbino. After his early death, however, Urbino reverted (1521) to the Della Rovere family. A patron of the arts and humanities, Lorenzo has been immortalized by Michelangelo , who designed and made his tomb in the Church of San Lorenzo, Florence. Of the three statues adorning his tomb, one represents Lorenzo in a pensive attitude (hence it is known as the Pensieroso ) and the other two represent Dawn and Dusk. Lorenzo was the father of Catherine de' Medici, queen of France.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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