Caulaincourt, Armand Augustin Louis, marquis de
Caulaincourt, Armand Augustin Louis, marquis de ärmäN´ ōgüstăN´ lwē märkē´ də kōlăNko͞or´ [key], b. 1772 or 1773, d. 1827, French diplomat and general, created duke of Vicenza by Napoleon I. He became (1802) Napoleon's aide-de-camp, and as ambassador to Russia (1807–11) he opposed the emperor's war policy. He accompanied Napoleon as aide-de-camp in the Russian campaign and on his two-week dash from Russia to Paris (1812). Caulaincourt was foreign minister when Napoleon abdicated in 1814 and again during the Hundred Days . His remarkable memoirs of the years 1812 to 1815 were first published in 1933 and appeared in English as With Napoleon in Russia (1935) and No Peace with Napoleon! (1936).
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