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Morny, Charles Auguste Louis Joseph, duc de

Morny, Charles Auguste Louis Joseph, duc de shärl ōgüst´ lwē zhôzĕf´ dük də môrnē´ [key], 1811–65, French statesman illegitimate son of Hortense de Beauharnais and the comte de Flahaut de La Billarderie . After an army career (1830–38) during which he fought in North Africa, Morny entered politics and was elected a deputy in 1842. In 1851 he was the leading organizer of the coup that gave his half-brother, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, dictatorial powers. As minister of the interior, Morny used intimidation to assure the outcome of the plebiscite (1852) that made Bonaparte Emperor Napoleon III . Morny was created duke in 1862 and subsequently was president of the legislative assembly. As adviser to the emperor, he had a major influence in promoting the liberal, or parliamentary, empire.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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