Starhemberg, Ernst Rüdiger, Graf von
Starhemberg, Ernst Rüdiger, Graf von ĕrnst rü´dĭgər gräf fən shtä´rəmbĕrk˝ [key], 1638–1701, Austrian field marshal. He served against the Ottomans in Hungary under Montecucculi and was made (1680) military commander of Vienna. From July to Sept., 1683, he held Vienna with a small garrison against a large Ottoman army under the grand vizier Kara Mustafa . Vienna was about to succumb to the siege, which had reduced it to starvation, when it was relieved by an army under John III of Poland and Charles V of Lorraine. As a reward for his heroic role Starhemberg was made a field marshal and minister of state. In 1691 he became president of the war council. His cousin
Guidobald, Graf von Starhemberg gwē´dōbält˝ [key], 1657–1737, also took part in the defense of Vienna. He was made field marshal and served with distinction in the War of the Spanish Succession.
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