Roscius, Quintus kwĭn´təs rŏsh´əs [key], c.126 BC–62 BC, Roman actor. Born a slave at Solonium, he became the greatest comic actor of his time. From the dictator Sulla, Roscius received the honor of the gold ring signifying equestrian rank. In a lawsuit, Cicero, whom he had taught elocution, defended him by an extant oration, Pro Q. Roscio Comoedo. The title
the young Rosciusor
the new Rosciushas been bestowed on several English actors as a mark of supreme distinction.
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