Carducci, Giosuè jōzo͞oā´ kärdo͞ot´chē [key], 1835–1907, Italian poet and teacher. He was professor of literature at the Univ. of Bologna from 1860 to 1904. He was a scholar, an editor, an orator, a critic, and a patriot, although his defection from republicanism and his anti-Catholicism brought him into disfavor even with his students. He was awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Literature. Carducci ranks with the greatest Italian poets; his verse is classic in design, with a deep and wide range of emotion. His chief works include Rime (1857), Inno a Satana [hymn to Satan] (1865), Decennali (1871), Nuove poesie (1873), Odi barbare (1877, 1882, 1889), Rime nuove (1889, tr. New Rhymes, 1916), and Rime e ritme (1898).
See translations by G. L. Bickersteth (1913), M. Holland (1927), W. F. Smith (1939), and A. Burkhard (1947).
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