Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre
Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre əlēshäN´drə ərko͞olä´no͝o ᵺĭ kərvä´lyo͝o ĕ ərou´zho͝o [key], 1810–77, Portuguese historian. One of the outstanding thinkers of his time, he is considered the first modern Portuguese historian. His great four-volume history of Portugal (1846–53) is notable for its treatment of feudal institutions and of social conditions. He is also known for his history of the Inquisition in Portugal (tr. 1926, repr. 1972).
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