Ducasse, Isidore ?z?dr dks [key], 1846?70, French poet who wrote under the name Comte de Lautramont, or simply Lautramont. Born in Montevideo, Uruguay, he moved to Paris in 1867, where he lived like a hermit until his death at the age of 24. In 1870 he published a volume of poetry, Posies. He is best known for his only other work, Les Chants de Maldoror (1868, tr. 1943), a nightmarish epic poem replete with grotesque, often erotic, imagery. Because of his hallucinatory, nonrepresentational style, Lautramont was viewed by the surrealists as a progenitor.
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