first aid: Asphyxia and Obstruction of Air Passages
Symptoms: Blue discoloration of face, tongue, and lips; gasping; inability to speak; unconsciousness. Treatment: First try the Heimlich maneuver, grasping the victim from behind with hands linked in front and compressing the abdomen just below the ribs. Encourage victim to cough up foreign objects in throat; as a last resort, rap victim between shoulder blades to dislodge object. For asphyxia caused by gas or fumes, remove victim to a clear atmosphere; use artificial respiration.
- Asphyxia and Obstruction of Air Passages
- Bites and Stings
- Drowning and Near-Drowning
- Foreign Body in the Eye
- Fractures and Joint Injuries
- Heat Exhaustion
- Severe Bleeding
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Medicine