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Mandelstam, Osip Emilyevich

Mandelstam, Osip Emilyevich ô´sĭp ĕmyēl´yəvĭch män´dĭlstəm [key], 1892–1938, Russian poet. Mandelstam was a leader of the Acmeist school. He wrote impersonal, fatalistic, meticulously constructed poems, the best of which are collected in Kamen [stone] (1913) and Tristia (1922). Although he opposed the Bolsheviks, he remained in Russia after the revolution but published no poetry after 1925. He was arrested in 1934 and died in a concentration camp. His widow preserved a large number of poems from the early period of his exile.

See his complete works, tr. by B. Raffel and A. Burago (1973) memoirs by N. Mandelstam (2 vol., 1970 and 1974) study by C. Brown (1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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