Today there is a written literature in all the important languages of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, as well as a large literature in English intended to reach all the university-educated public regardless of native language. Among the best-known writers of the 19th and early 20th cent. are Rammohun Roy , Bankim Chandra Chatterjee , Vivekananda , Rabindranath Tagore , winner of the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature, and Prem Chand, as well as Asadullah Khan Ghalib and Muhammad Iqbal , the Muslim poets who wrote in Urdu and in Persian. Later writers include R. K. Narayan , Raja Rao , Bhabhani Bhattacharya , Ahmed Ali, Khushwant Singh, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, and Mulk Raj Anand in the field of fiction Sarojini Naidu , Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Nazrul Islam, and the Bangladeshi Shamsur Rahman in the field of poetry and Mohandas Gandhi , M. N. Roy, Jawaharlal Nehru , and Jaya Prakash Narayan in the field of politics.
See K. Kripalani, Modern Indian Literature (1970) T. W. Clark, The Novel in India (1970) M. Winternitz, A History of Indian Literature (2 vol., tr. 1927 repr. 1973).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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