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Indo-European Family of Languages, The

The Indo-European Family of Languages
SubfamilyGroupSubgroupLanguages and Principal Dialects
Anatolian  Hieroglypic Hittite*, Hittite (Kanesian)*, Luwian*, Lycian*, Lydian*, Palaic*
Baltic  Latvian (Lettish), Lithuanian, Old Prussian*
CelticBrythonic Breton, Cornish, Welsh
Continental Gaulish*
Goidelic or Gaelic Irish (Irish Gaelic), Manx*, Scottish Gaelic
GermanicEast Germanic Burgundian*, Gothic*, Vandalic*
North Germanic Old Norse* (see Norse), Danish, Faeroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
West Germanic
(see Grimm's law)
High GermanGerman, Yiddish
Low GermanAfrikaans, Dutch, English, Flemish, Frisian, Plattdeutsch (see German language)
Greek  Aeolic*, Arcadian*, Attic*, Byzantine Greek*, Cyprian*, Doric*, Ionic*, Koinē*, Modern Greek
Indo-IranianDardic or Pisacha Kafiri, Kashmiri, Khowar, Kohistani, Romani (Gypsy), Shina
Indic or Indo-Aryan Pali*, Prakrit*, Sanskrit*, Vedic*
Central IndicHindi, Hindustani, Urdu
East IndicAssamese, Bengali (Bangla), Bihari, Oriya
Northwest IndicPunjabi, Sindhi
PahariCentral Pahari, Eastern Pahari (Nepali), Western Pahari
South IndicMarathi (including major dialect Konkani), Sinhalese (Singhalese)
West IndicBhili, Gujarati, Rajasthani (many dialects)
Iranian Avestan*, Old Persian*
East IranianBaluchi, Khwarazmian*, Ossetic, Pamir dialects, Pashto (Afghan), Saka (Khotanese)*, Sogdian*, Yaghnobi
West IranianKurdish, Pahlavi (Middle Persian)*, Parthian*, Persian (Farsi), Tajiki
Italic(Non-Romance) Faliscan*, Latin, Oscan*, Umbrian*
Romance or RomanicEastern RomanceItalian, Rhaeto-Romanic, Romanian, Sardinian
Western RomanceCatalan, French, Ladino, Portuguese, Provençal, Spanish
Slavic or SlavonicEast Slavic Belarusian (White Russian), Russian, Ukrainian
South Slavic Bulgarian, Church Slavonic*, Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian
West Slavic Czech, Kashubian, Lusatian (Sorbian or Wendish), Polabian*, Polish, Slovak
Thraco-Illyrian  Albanian, Illyrian*, Thracian*
Thraco-Phrygian  Armenian, Grabar (Classical Armenian)*, Phrygian*
Tokharian (W China)  Tokharian A (Agnean)*, Tokharian B (Kuchean)*
Note *:
Asterisk indicates a dead language.

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