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Szymanowski, Karol

Szymanowski, Karol kä´rôl shĭmänôf´skē [key], 1882–1937, Polish composer studied in Berlin and Warsaw. His early works show marked German, French, and Russian influences, but in his later compositions he developed a distinctive, national style. Yet his music was not readily accepted in Poland. He was a founder of Young Poland in Music, an association of composers. His works include nine preludes for piano (1900) Love Songs of Hafiz (1911), for voice and instruments Myths (1915), a set of three pieces for violin and piano which includes The Fountain of Arethusa two operas, Hagith (written 1913 produced 1922) and King Roger (Warsaw, 1926) the ballet Harnasie (1935) and three symphonies orchestral and chamber music songs and liturgical music.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.