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Carducci, Giosuè

Carducci, Giosuè jōzo͞oā´ kärdo͞ot´chē [key], 1835–1907, Italian poet and teacher. He was professor of literature at the Univ. of Bologna from 1860 to 1904. He was a scholar, an editor, an orator, a critic, and a patriot, although his defection from republicanism and his anti-Catholicism brought him into disfavor even with his students. He was awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Literature. Carducci ranks with the greatest Italian poets his verse is classic in design, with a deep and wide range of emotion. His chief works include Rime (1857), Inno a Satana [hymn to Satan] (1865), Decennali (1871), Nuove poesie (1873), Odi barbare (1877, 1882, 1889), Rime nuove (1889, tr. New Rhymes, 1916), and Rime e ritme (1898).

See translations by G. L. Bickersteth (1913), M. Holland (1927), W. F. Smith (1939), and A. Burkhard (1947).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.