Duras, Marguerite

Duras, Marguerite märgərēt´ düräs´ [key], 1914–96, French author, b. Gia Dinh, Indochina (now Vietnam). Usually grouped with the exponents of the nouveau roman [new novel] (see French literature ), Duras abandoned many of the conventions of the novel form. Her novels usually mix themes of eroticism and death, often treating existential moments in people's lives. Avoiding the use of descriptive passages, she had her characters reveal themselves through what they say—and do not say. Duras's experience as a film writer—she wrote the screenplay for Alain Resnais's Hiroshima Mon Amour (1959), among many others—and as a director significantly influenced her tersely simple narrative technique. She also wrote a number of plays.

Duras wrote more than 70 novels, many of which have been made into films and most of which deal unsentimentally with love, despair, and sexual passion. They include Un Barrage contre le Pacifique (1950 tr. The Sea Wall, 1952), Le Marin de Gibraltar (1952 tr. The Sailor from Gibraltar, 1966), Moderato cantabile (1958 tr. 1960), 10:30 du soir en été (1960 tr. 10:30 on a Summer Night, 1965), Détruire, dit-elle (1969 tr. Destroy, She Said, 1970), and Emily L. (1987 tr. 1989). Her mysterious and sensual semiautobiographical novel L'Amant (1984 tr. The Lover, 1985), an international best seller, was her first work of fiction to reach a large popular audience. It was followed by another partial roman à clef that retells the same story, L'Amant de la Chine du Nord (1991 tr. The North Chinese Lover, 1992).

See biography by L. Adler (2000).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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