Fleming, Ian Lancaster

Fleming, Ian Lancaster, 1908–64, English spy novelist, b. London. Son of a Conservative member of Parliament, Fleming was educated at Eton, Sandhurst, and Munich and Geneva universities and worked as Reuters' Moscow correspondent (1929–33), a stockbroker (1935–39), a British naval intelligence official during World War II, and foreign manager for the London Sunday Times (1945–59). The knowledge and worldliness these experiences brought were tapped in his creation of James Bond, the most famous fictional spy. His novels featuring the handsome, wily, and sexy Agent 007 include Dr. No (1958 film, 1963), Goldfinger (1959 film, 1964), and You Only Live Twice (1964 film, 1967). Fleming also wrote nonfiction and the children's book Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang (1964 film, 1968).

See F. Fleming (his nephew), ed., The Man with the Golden Typewriter: Ian Fleming's James Bond Letters (2015) memoir by I. Bryce (1975, repr. 1984) biographies by J. Pearson (1966), D. McCormick (1993), and A. Lycett (1995) studies by A. Boyd (1967, repr. 1975), T. Bennett (1987), B. Rosenberg and A. H. Stewart (1989), and J. Black (2001).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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