Givenchy, Hubert de (Count Hubert James Marcel Taffin de Givenchy) [key], 1927–2018, French fashion designer. An assistant designer to Schiaparelli, he opened his own house of couture in Paris in 1952. Under the influence of his idol Balenciaga, Givenchy moved from a simpler, somewhat girlish style to one that was lavishly embroidered and elegantly romantic, and the two had a long creative relationship. He sold his firm to Moët Hennessy–Louis Vuitton in 1988, but remained under contract to it until 1995. Givenchy's elegant and classic style is noted for its separate skirts and tops; unusual embroidered and printed fabrics; tubular evening dresses; sumptuous ball gowns; jeweled headbands; shawls; the princess silhouette; sleeveless coats; and funnel necklines. He was also known for his perfumes. He was especially noted for his association with the actress Audrey Hepburn, designing her clothes and film costumes.
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