Mercer, Hugh mûr´sər [key], c.1725–1777, American Revolutionary general, b. Aberdeen, Scotland. A physician, he was a surgeon in the forces of Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender) and after the defeat at Culloden (1746) emigrated to America. In the French and Indian Wars , Mercer served with Edward Braddock (1755) and John Forbes (1758) in their expeditions against Fort Duquesne. Mercer moved to Virginia, and, at the start of the American Revolution , helped organize the Virginia militia. He fought at Trenton (1776) and was mortally wounded at Princeton (Jan. 3, 1777).
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