Rawlinson, Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st Baron
Rawlinson, Henry Seymour Rawlinson,
1st Baron, 1864–1925, British general; son of Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson. He served in the Myanmar expedition of 1886–87, in the Sudan campaign (1898), and in the South African War (1899–1902). In World War I he commanded (1914–15) the IV Corps and became (1916) lieutenant general in command of the British 4th Army. In 1918 he was a member of the Supreme War Council at Versailles, and later, returning to his previous command, he achieved notable success in piercing the German line in a breakthrough between St. Quentin and Cambrai (Aug.–Nov., 1918). He was raised to the peerage in 1919 and commanded the British forces in India from 1920 until his death. Under him high army posts were assigned to Indians for the first time, and the northwest frontier was pacified.
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